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The 11 Human Organ Systems & Examples of Organ Systems and Functions

Human Organs of the Body.
The 11 Human Organ Systems List & Examples of Organ Systems and Functions of the body - Names of 11 Organ Systems of the body and their functions, organs and common ailments including treatments & cures for particular disorders & diseases:   

For each of the 11 organ systems of the human body, name the organ system:   The names of the Human Body's 11 organ systems are the Skeletal System, the Integumentary System, the Muscular System, the Nervous System, the Endocrine System, the Circulatory System, the Lymphatic System, the Digestive System, the Respiratory System, the Urinary System, and the Reproductive System.

Name 3 or more constituent organs of each organ system:
     Three or more constituent organs of the Skeletal System are bones, cartilage,
and joints.
Three or more constituent organs of the Integumentary System are skin, hair, nails and sweat glands. Three or more constituent organs of the Muscular System are cardiac muscles, smooth muscles, skeletal muscles,and tendons.
Three or more constituent organs of the Nervous System are brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Three or more constituent organs of the Endocrine System are pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pancreas.
Three or more constituent organs of the Circulatory System are heart, blood, veins, and arteries. Three or more constituent organs of the Lymphatic System are lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and spleen. Three Digestive System are stomach, liver, and intestines.
Three or more constituent organs of the Respiratory System are nose, larynx, lungs, trachea, and diaphragm.
Three or more constituent organs of the Urinary System are kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

Describe, in detail, the functions of each human organ system:
The functions of the human Skeletal System are that it provides support and structure of the human body, and it stores calcium, minerals, fats, and marrow.

The functions of the human Integumentary System are that it provides protection, regulates body temperature, and prevents body water loss. The functions of the human Muscle System are that-it provides body movement, generates heat when human body muscles contract, allows shock absorption, shapes the body, maintains posture, and the rhythmic contractions of cardiac musclesare responsible for the beating of the heart.

The functions of the human Nervous System are that it is a regulatory system that controls human body movement, consciousness, intelligence, and memory. The functions of the human Endocrine System are that it secretes hormones which regulate the human body and cellular growth, chemical levels in the body, and the reproductive functions.

The functions of the human Skeletal System are that it pumps blood to distribute hormones, nutrients and gases and it also removes wastes. The functions of the human Lymphatic System are that it transports and filters lymph and it initiates immune response.

The functions of the human Digestive System are that it mechanically and chemically breakdowns food materials, absorbs nutrients and expels wastes. The functions of the human Respiratory System are that it is responsible for the exchange of gases within the body between
blood and the lungs.

The human lungs absorb oxygen from the air and discrete carbon dioxide.

The functions of the human Urinary System filters the blood and removes wastes from it.

 The functions of the human Reproductive System are that it produces different cells and hormones, and when they are both in in conjunction (human males and females)...then this allows for fertilization and human reproduction.

 Ailments (diseases & disorders) that can affect each human organ system:
One particular ailment that can affect the Skeletal System is called Arthritis.
Arthritis is an permanent inflammatory condition that affects your joints, such as the knees, or a portion of your spinal column.
Arthritis exists in two main forms: Osteoarthritis and Autoimmune arthritis.
Typical symptoms of both types include joint pain, swelling and stiffness accompanied by a reduction in the
ability to freely move your joints, severe joint destruction, bone spur formation, & joint narrowing. Treatments include medications (anti-inflammatory anti-pain prescriptions), physical therapy, and special diet.
One particular ailment that can affect the Integumentary System is a chronic skin disorder called Rosacea which mainly affects the facial skin and symptoms include facial flushing, persistent redness that appears like permanent sunburn, small red pimples that burn on facial skin, small visible blood vesselson facial skin, and skin thickening.

Rosacea has no cure but can be treated with medications. One particular ailment that can affect the Muscular System is called Myotonia.

It is permanent and symptoms include the muscles relaxing slowly after contraction or stimulation and trouble releasing a grip on a certain object such as a cup or spoon, trouble walking and difficulty getting up from a chair.
Myotonia can be inherited or it can just develop over time and is controlled by medications and physical therapy.
One particular ailment that can affect the Nervous System is called Lupus and it can be reversible when it affect this system and symptoms include headaches (brain nerves), confusion, depression, seizures, strokes, vision problems (eye nerves affected), mood swings, gastrointestinal problems, and difficulty concentrating.
 Depending on the symptoms, a variety of medications are available to treat lupus such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatorydrugs, antimalarials, and steroids.

  One particular ailment that can affect the Endocrine System is called autoimmune (thyroids) thyroiditis which can affect the Endocrine System by causing an underactive thyroid gland (low level of thyroxine) by a person's body making antibodies that attach to their own thyroid gland, which affect the gland's function.
Can also cause an enlarged thyroid gland and Hashimoto's disease (Autoimmune thyroiditis with a goitre).

All can be treated (but not cured)by using thyroid hormone medicines, surgery, and radioactive treatment. One particular ailment that can affect the Circulatory System is called Angina Pector which is chest pain due to ischemia of the heart muscle, from an obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries.

Symptoms include chest discomfort and a chest pressure, heaviness, tightness, squeezing, burning, or choking sensation.
The most specific medicine to treat angina is nitroglycerin which allows more oxygen to the heart.
One particular ailment that can affect the Lymphatic System is called AIDS or Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which a disorder caused by the HIV virus that infects helper T cells and weakens immune responses.
There is no cure and AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection with symptoms including lack of energy, swollen lymph nodes, and enlarged spleen.

No cure, but symptoms can be treated with various medications, depending on symptoms. One particular ailment that can affect the Digestive System is called stomach ulcers are painful sores that
can be found in the stomach lining or small intestine.

Symptoms include abdominal pain that can be felt anywhere from your navel up to your breastbone, unexplained-weight loss, appetite changes, nausea, vomiting.

Cure usually consists of H2 blockers, proton pump inhibitors, antacids, and cytoprotective agents. One particular ailment that can affect the Respiratory System is called Asthma which is a chronic long-term inflammatory lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways.

There is no cure for asthma & symptoms are coughing, wheezing, chest tightness or pain, and breathlessness. Symptom controls of asthma include MANY types of respiratory medications.
One particular ailment that can affect the Urinary System is called Kidney Stones which are small pieces of material that may be present anywhere in the urinary tract.

Smaller stones often pass easily but, larger ones (marble ball or pearl-sized) may get stuck and require medical attention.

Symptoms of Kidney stones are pain in the back and sides (kidney area), as well as blood in the urine and vomiting.

Certain medications to help prevent kidney stones based on the type of stone formed or conditions that make a person more prone to getting  them.
One particular ailment that can affect the Reproductive System of females is called ovarian cysts which are fluid-filled sacs that develop on a female's ovary.

Most ovarian cysts are functional in nature and harmless and can be found in women of all ages with symptoms including abdominal pain, irregular periods, abnormal uterine bleeding, weight gain in pelvic area, pelvic bloating.

Treatment for cysts depends on the size of the cyst and symptoms.
Treatments consist anywhere from pain relievers, warm baths, and hormone supplements to surgical removal.
An ailment of the male Reproductive System is ED which interferes with a man's ability to develop or sustain personal interaction.
It has many different causes, including nerve problems, low levels of male hormones, side effects from certain prescription, or stress and anxiety.
Once the cause is identified, ED is often treatable with medications or other interventions.


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